Curated Images Focus the subject. The subject here is not identified by being placed in the center or by being the most interesting part but has us focused on it by being closest to the camera. Differences in perspective. This photo uses a different perspective, making the waterfall and swimming hole look larger by standing in the middle of it. Blurring the background. Establishing the subject of a photo can be done by letting the background become unfocused. Composition and Layout. This photo is distinguished by its subject, the boat is off to the right half of the frame leaving mostly blank space on the left. Light and dark contrast. The photo keeps light on one side fo the screen to show how defined the figure can be and leaves the rest to the imagination.